First, it is difficult to compare the importance of many types of jobs. Describe the assumptions of the functionalist and conflict views of stratification and of poverty. The manifest function of attending a church or synagogue, for instance, is to worship as part of a religious community, but its latent function may be to help members learn to discern personal from institutional values.
In functionalism, the society is understood as a system consisting of different subsections that have specific functions. Not every part of society is said to be functional, however.
One of the most controversial aspects of inequality scholarship is the disparity not only between the rich and the poor but also the patterned inequality that has been shown to exist between whites and other racial groups, between men and women, and between those with low IQs intelligence quotients and high IQs, as measured on standardized tests.
For example, in times of social revolutions, the social equilibrium or social order is lost. The functionalist perspective achieved its greatest popularity among American sociologists in the s and s.
Much faulty communication can result from differences in the perception of the same events and symbols. Schools offer fewer programs. A more sophisticated version of this type of explanation is called the culture of poverty theory Banfield, ; Lewis, ; Murray, According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, people attach meanings to symbols, and then they act according to their subjective interpretation of these symbols.
Functionalists analyze social institutions in terms of the function they play. The paradox of conflict is that it is both the force that can tear relationships apart and the force that binds them together.
By downplaying the role of individuals, functionalism is less likely to recognize how individual actions may alter social institutions. Instead, attention is focused on more basic and arguably prior issues, such as how equal and unequal states of affairs come to be defined, explained, and acted toward as consequential features of various social worlds [Collins, ].
Although you might be tempted to answer with brain surgery, if no coal were mined then much of our society could not function.
An interactionist perspective, would contradict the other camps on both of these points. Marxism highlights the significance of the economic factor. American Sociological Review, 24, — Another concept that is stressed by Functionalists is collective consciousness.
These two competing theories paint a very different picture of the factors that contribute to income inequality. A professional athlete making millions of dollars a year earns many times the income of the president of the United States, but who is more important to the nation. This is why some functionalists compare the society to the human body.
The symbolic interactionist perspective The symbolic interactionist perspective, also known as symbolic interactionism, directs sociologists to consider the symbols and details of everyday life, what these symbols mean, and how people interact with each other.
Functionalist perspective is having purpose in society and interactionist perspective means meaning derived through interaction with other individuals. Debunking the big lie right-wingers use to justify black poverty and unemployment.
Each perspective uniquely conceptualizes society, social forces, and human behavior see Table 1. The realities of welfare in America. That is, the family is dependent upon the school to help children grow up to have good jobs so that they can raise and support their own families.
Today there is still little consensus among these scholars regarding the causes and consequences of social inequality, income inequality, and ultimately the effects of inequitable opportunity on individual lives. Unlike functionalists who defend the status quo, avoid social change, and believe people cooperate to effect social order, conflict theorists challenge the status quo, encourage social change even when this means social revolutionand believe rich and powerful people force social order on the poor and the weak.
Under the umbrella of scholarship on social stratification is one that focuses specifically on income as a primary factor that leads to differential opportunities and outcomes for members of society. These scholars concede a culture of poverty does exist, but they also say it exists because it helps the poor cope daily with the structural effects of being poor.
Structural Explanation According to the second, structural explanationwhich is a blaming-the-system approach, US poverty stems from problems in American society that lead to a lack of equal opportunity and a lack of jobs.
A Comparison of Functionalism and Conflict Theory Both perspectives can be viewed as two faces of the same society. For example, one of the basic problems facing a nonwhite individual in the functional model is that of high alienation and loss of identity.
A summary of Theories of Stratification in 's Social Stratification and Inequality. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Social Stratification and Inequality and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
A sociological viewpoint that argues that social inequality is necessary for the survival of any society or for any small or large organization. It is argued that without this inequality, division of labour would be difficult (not everyone can be team captain).
Outline and Asses Functionalist explanations of social inequality (40marks) Functionalism is a concencus theory that focused on the unity and harmony of society.
Functionalists believe that society is a system that works together in. critiquing and expanding the sociology of inequality: comparing functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives page 2 critiquing and expanding the sociology of inequality: comparing functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives the conventional wisdom in sociology, at least as expressed in the.
The functionalist and conflict perspectives are just two of these. These different theoretical perspectives or theories help people to understand how society works and to understand patterns of behavior. Someone with a functionalist perspective of society believes it is a complicated system that seeks equilibrium or balance of all its elements.The conflict theory as a better explanation of income inequality in comparison to the functionalist