Structure of the respiratory system

In a normal human lung all the alveoli together contain about 3 liters of alveolar air. Surfactant immune function is primarily attributed to two proteins: TLC total lung capacity of children Examining lung function The most common, accessible and efficient method of measuring lung function is by means of a spirometer.

External Respiration External respiration is the exchange of gases between the air filling the alveoli and the blood in the capillaries surrounding the walls of the alveoli.

In addition to cartilage, the larynx contains special structures known as vocal folds, which allow the body to produce the sounds of speech and singing.

Respiratory system

Human Respiratory System Pharynx It is located behind the nasal cavity and above the larynx. Lungs Lungs form the most vital component of the human respiratory system. Gas exchange Main article: There are certain situations upon which one or more parts of this complex system may not function properly.

The lobes of the lungs have pleural cavities. The structure of the respiratory system includes a number of related components working together to achieve successful gas exchange.

Structure of the Human Respiratory System Explicated With Diagrams

The intake of oxygen into the lungs is known as inhalation, and the removal of carbon dioxide from the lungs is known as exhalation. Residual volume is approximately 1.

The Respiratory System: Structure and Function

Efficiency of diffusion of oxygen from the pulmonary alveoli into the blood not dealt with in this unit. The nasal cavity that is located behind the nose comprises the nasal passages that form an important part of the respiratory system in human beings.

Pharynx The pharynx, also known as the throat, is a muscular funnel that extends from the posterior end of the nasal cavity to the superior end of the esophagus and larynx. At the summit of Mt.

Air exiting the body through the nose returns moisture and heat to the nasal cavity before being exhaled into the environment. The secondary bronchi carry air into the lobes of the lungs—2 in the left lung and 3 in the right lung.

The elastic fibers enable their stretching during inhalation of air. It is, in fact, a very forceful exhalatory effort against a tightly closed glottisso that no air can escape from the lungs.

The extrinsic muscles support and position the larynx. The part of the throat that connects to the esophagus is the laryngopharynx. They are similar in that both have walls that are only one cell thick, they are both the thinnest parts of their systems, and they are right next to each other.

Ad Air enters and passes through the mouth and nose and through open cavities known as sinuses. As when blowing out a candle or speaking.

This is one contributor to high altitude sickness. The more acute the curvature of the water-air interface the greater the tendency for the alveolus to collapse. – lined with mucus secreting cells – allows air to pass from the pharynx into the lungs- cartilage rings prevent the trachea from collapsing and provide it with support Lung – composed of the bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli – the main organs of the respiratory system Bronchi – branch out.

The human respiratory system is composed of the nasal passages, the pharynx, larynx, the trachea, bronchi, and the lungs. It is responsible for the process of respiration that is vital to the survival of living beings.

Respiration is the process of obtaining and using oxygen, while eliminating carbon dioxide. The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and anatomy and physiology that make this happen varies greatly, depending on the size of the organism, the environment in which it lives and its evolutionary history.

The respiratory system in human beings can be divided into the upper respiratory tract that consists of nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx, and the lower respiratory tract that is composed of the trachea, the primary bronchi, and the lungs.

The Respiratory System - Structure And Function The respiratory system is the system in the human body that enables us to breathe.

The act of breathing includes: inhaling and exhaling air in the body; the absorption of oxygen from the air in order to produce energy; the discharge of carbon dioxide, which is the byproduct of the process.

The respiratory system provides oxygen to the body’s cells while removing carbon dioxide, a waste product that can be lethal if allowed to accumulate. There are 3 major parts of the respiratory system: the airway, the lungs, and the muscles of respiration.

Main functions and structure of the skeleton system? Structure of the respiratory system
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Respiratory System | Interactive Anatomy Guide