Battle of the somme 1916 a

We go up to the attack tomorrow. Against this Allied total of more thanthe Germans had suffered rather more thancasualties.

Seeger kept his appointment with death on July 1, - the first day of the Battle of the Somme. But the German attack on the French at Verdun in February forced Britain to take the lead in the Somme offensive.

Battle of the Somme 1916

This number had been much increased by Prussian Gen. However the advance artillery bombardment failed to destroy either the German front line barbed wire or the heavily-built concrete bunkers the Germans had carefully and robustly constructed.

The French, with slighter opposition and with far more heavy artillery—as well as aided by the fact that they were less expected—made a deeper advance. Despite the two extra days of bombardment, no additional shells were available.

The Colonial regiments had carried the first German lines and thousands and thousands of prisoners kept arriving and leaving. A war of attrition was a logical strategy for Britain against Germany, which was also at war with France and Russia.

Falkenhayn planned to defeat the large amount of reserves which the Entente could move into the path of a breakthrough, by threatening a sensitive point close to the existing front line and provoking the French into counter-attacking German positions.

The Battle of the Somme: 141 days of horror

He was 28 years old. The German Verdun offensive transformed the intent of the Somme attack; the French demanded that the planned date of the attack, 1 Augustbe brought forward to 1 July, the aim chiefly being to divert German resources from Verdun in the defence of the Somme.

But there was no question of suspending the offensive with the French still heavily engaged at Verdun. A German soldier walks through the ruined streets of Peronne. The horrific bloodshed on the first day of the battle became a metaphor for futile and indiscriminate slaughter.

Numerous meetings were held by Joffre, Haig, Foch, General Sir Henry Rawlinson commander of the British Fourth Army and Fayolle to co-ordinate joint attacks by the four armies, all of which broke down.

Immediately south of them, the 15th Scottish Division, helped by a single tank, captured Martinpuich. On July 1,after a week of prolonged artillery bombardment, 11 divisions of the British Fourth Army recently created and placed under Sir Henry Rawlinson began the attack north of the Somme on a front extending for 15 miles 24 km from Serre and Beaumont-Hamel southward past Thiepval, Ovillers, and Fricourt east of Albert and then eastward and southward to Maricourt, north of Curlu.

Immediately south of them, the 15th Scottish Division, helped by a single tank, captured Martinpuich. Falkenhayn, and then Hindenburg and Ludendorff, were forced to send divisions to Russia throughout the summer to prevent a collapse of the Austro-Hungarian army and then to conduct a counter-offensive against Romaniawhich declared war against the Central Powers on 27 August.

The attack was the debut of the Australian Imperial Force on the Western Front and, according to McMullin, "the worst 24 hours in Australia's entire history".

Only on the south of the British front, near Fricourt and Montauban, did the attack gain a real footing in the German defenses. In JanuaryJoffre had agreed to the BEF making its main effort in Flanders, but in February it was decided to mount a combined offensive where the French and British armies met, astride the Somme River in Picardy before the British offensive in Flanders.

A telephone system was built, with lines buried 6 feet 1. German overestimation of the cost of Verdun to the French contributed to the concentration of German infantry and guns on the north bank of the Somme.

First day on the Somme British objectives, 1 July The first day on the Somme began days of the Battle of the Somme and the opening day of the Battle of Albert. The Battles of the Somme, 1 July – 18 November the Somme. A Franco-British offensive that was undertaken after Allied strategic conferences in latebut which changed its nature due to the German attack against the French in the epic Battle of Verdun, which lasted from late February to November.

The Battle of the Somme in pictures, 1916

The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was one of the largest battles of the First World War. Fought between July 1 and November 1,near the Somme River in France, it was also one of the bloodiest military battles in history. After two years of trench warfare, the Allies attempt to break through German lines on the Western Front.

The ensuing battle will last for months and result in more than one million casualties. The Battle of the Somme (French: Bataille de la Somme; German: Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and French Third Republic against the German Empire.

T he Battle of the Somme was one of the costliest engagements of the First World War. In the summer of the line of trenches demarcating the Western Front stretched from the English Channel across the length of France to the Swiss border.

Aug 10,  · Directed by Geoffrey Malins. With General Beauvoir De Lisle. Documentary (with some re-enacted footage) of the British army's participation in the Battle of the Somme in France during World War I/10().

Battle of the somme 1916 a
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