Only then do scientists become open to radically new values. This is because making choices involves calculating the risks and rewards of the different courses of action available.
Item B; Punishment of offenders is seen by some sociologists as vital to maintaining social solidarity, by showing people the consequences of breaking the norms of society. Girls also perform better in education which suggests that society will change at a later stage due to girls performing so well academically.
Social institution — a part of society such as education and family.
The fact that Marxists and feminists see science also as a belief system that serves the interests of dominant groups. Kuhn argues that a mature science such as geology, biology or physics is based on a set of shared assumptions that he calls a paradigm.
The first fact is that as individual social factors, we make choices about our family life and relationships. In a result it produces the ruling class ideology, ideas that legitimate or justify the status quo. The only exceptions to this are during one of the rare periods that Kuhn describes as a scientific revolution, when faith in the truth of the paradigm has already been undermined by an accumulation of anomalies, the results that the paradigm cannot account for.
Because of this, women are less likely to want to have children early on in their careers and prevent themselves from getting pregnant until they have established themselves with a distinguished career.
Horizontal segregation and Vertical segregation. Although ideology is used in many ways these are a distorted, false or mistaken ideas about the work, ideas that conceal the interests of a particular groups, ideas that prevent changes by misleading people, and a self- sustaining belief system that is irrational and closed to criticism.
There are also other critical perspectives such as Marxism and feminism which see scientific knowledge as far from pure truth. Similarly to life course analysis, David Morgan uses the concept of family practices to describe the routine actions through which we create our sense of being a family member such as feeding the children or doing DIY.
Read Item B Below and answer the question that follows. In a different sense postmodernists also reject the knowledge claim of science to have the truth. Racism can also lead to conflict between students and teachers, making learning much harder.
Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today 1 January Sociology Assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today 24 marks Rhona and Robert Rapoport argue that diversity is of central importance in understanding family life today.
As a result, we are more aware of risks. An example of a change is the move in some societies from public execution to life imprisonment for the punishment of murderers. Ivan lllich Conditions that are normal parts of life are now defined as medical issues and thus fall under the expertise of the medical profession.
The medical profession has established themselves as indispensable knowledge and skills that cannot be provided by anyone else.
Benston argues that if the women is a housewife then the man pays for both the labour power of the male and the domestic power of the women.
Postmodernists and feminists are in favour of greater diversity. How to Write a Summary of an Article. However radical feminists have been criticized for failing to acknowledge historical changes like women now experience the same rights as men.
Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations sociology and mass media essay of the role of the mass media in creating moral panics about crime and deviance 21 marks Welcome to Earlham Sociology Pages: Life stage diversity states that family structures differ according to the stage reached in the life cycle- for example, newly-weds, couples with children, retired couples whose children have left home and widows or widowers who are living alone.
One is that the subjects often focus on British culture; naturally White British students will have grown up with this culture, so they might have a greater understanding of the content than students who grew up in a different culture. For these reasons, any scientist who challenges the fundamental assumptions of the paradigms.
Merton argues that science can only thrive as a major social institution if it receives support from other institutions and values.
Search Results. Assess Sociological Explanations Of Changes In The Status Of Childhood. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood (24 marks) Sociologists argue about what the term ‘childhood.
Assess sociological explanationsfor the growth of new religion movements. Before explaining this growth, it is necessary to id. Assess sociological explanations for the growth of new religious movements  New religious movements are always increasing. These movements have always existed but there was a big increase in the 20th century, especially since the s.
Roy Wallis categorized these NRM (Wallis, ). Apr 24, · 9) Ethnic groups differences in achievement in education Posted by Sam Cook ⋅ April 24, ⋅ 2 Comments Achievement within education is very varied across cultures, with some such as Chinese and Indian students performing above the average, and African-Caribbean and Pakistani students performing well below average.
Assess sociological explanations of science and ideology as a belief system. Science has obviously had a massive impact on the world and some sociologists argue that science is a open belief while some sociologists argue that science is instead a closed belief system, resisting change.
Students will learn to describe sociological explanations of law and sociological explanations of deviant and criminal behaviour. In addition, students will learn to critically evaluate and assess sociological theories of crime and deviance and discuss the implications of relevant research.Assess the sociological explanations of the